Georgia joins int'l arbitration organization

Georgia joins int'l arbitration organization

To realize its efforts for facilitating arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution between states, Georgia has joined the Permanent Court of Arbitration, an international organization based in the Hague.

Georgia deposited its instrument of accession to the 1907 Hague Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes with the Dutch Foreign Ministry on January 21, 2015, and thereby became an active PCA member-state effective since March 22, 2015.

Georgia was the 117th member-state o to join the PCA, who welcomed Georgia's expression of support to its work and the peaceful settlement of international disputes.

The PCA is an intergovernmental organization established in 1899 to ease arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution between states. The PCA has developed into a modern, multi-faceted arbitral institution and now sits at the juncture between public and private international law to meet the rapidly evolving dispute resolution needs of the international community.

Today the PCA provides services for the resolution of disputes involving various combinations of states, state entities, intergovernmental organizations, and private parties.

The PCA Secretariat, the International Bureau, headed by its Secretary-General, provides administrative support to tribunals and commissions. Its caseload reflects the breadth of PCA involvement in international dispute resolution, encompassing territorial, treaty, and human rights disputes between states, as well as commercial and investment disputes, including disputes arising under bilateral and multilateral investment treaties. (Today.az)

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Armenia faces dangerous migration problem, says economist

Armenia faces dangerous migration problem, says economist

http://www.today.az/pictures/pic139599.jpgA world-wide known economist in the U.S. claimed that emigration is a dangerous problem in Armenia since the people are considerably inclined to leave the country.

Armenian-cum Turkish economist Daron Acemoglu said just a few of the post-Soviet countries managed to get rid of the socio-economic system inherited from the Soviet era.

Many of the former Soviet nations are yet to eliminate the Soviet identity of the political and economic elite, which is negatively affecting their progress, said Acemoglu.

"Armenia is included in the list of those unsuccessful nations where the Soviet era remnants cause even more serious problems than in other countries since the country significantly depends on external developments," he said.

Acemoglu showed Armenian diaspora as an influential factor encouraging the people to leave Armenia en masse.

"Diaspora's strong influence together with Armenia's dependence on foreign factors boosts emigration from the country, especially as far as the youth is concerned. It is really a very serious problem for Armenia," he said.

The latest official statistics data reported that 330,000 citizens have left Armenia over the past 7 years, under the tenure of incumbent President Serzh Sargsyan. However, the real number may reach around 380,000, according to unofficial data.

In addition, Armenian police's data showed that 2,180 residents renounced their citizenship to apply for asylum in other countries

Even former state officials have chosen to flee Armenia. For example, Gurgen Egiazaryan, the former deputy head of national security service, has applied for Russian citizenship, viewing it as a way of escaping life in Armenia.

As the way of fixing such problem, Acemoglu said it was very important for influential people in Armenia to change their current stance on the issues of national importance.

"Armenia's rulers should finally get rid of the Soviet era approach towards political and economic issues, and give impetus to constructive efforts and hard-work," he noted.

Social and economic disorder in Armenia pushes the people to seek a new life abroad since the government has failed to create a proper mechanism for addressing the situation.

Kathy Verselen, an expert from the Belgian External Affair Ministry's Migration Office, earlier said tough economic circumstances were the major drive behind the massive outflows from Armenia, urging citizens to apply for asylums in Belgium, France, Netherlands, Germany and other European countries        (today.az)

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Əhməd Abbasbəyli: “Komissiyada hər hansı bir neqativ halla qarşılaşmamışam”

Əhməd Abbasbəyli: “Komissiyada hər hansı bir neqativ halla qarşılaşmamışam”

Cəmiyyətin və Vətəndaş Münasibətlərinin İnkişafı İctimai Birliyinin sədri Əhməd AbbasbəyliVesti.az xəbər saytına müsahibəsində, BayMedia İnformasiya AgentliyinəMəlumat Mərkəzi Müstəqil İnformasiya Aqentliyinə və Xəzərinfo.az Agentliyinə verdiyi açıqlamalarında Dövlət Qulluğu Məsələləri üzrə Komissiyanın fəaliyyətindəki şəffaflıq və açıqlıqdan danışıb.

 Əhməd Abbasbəyli : “Komissiyaya qeyri-obyektiv münasibət ya bu qurumun fəliyyəti ilə bağlı məlumatsızlıqdan, ya da şəxsi maraqlardan doğan qərəzli münasibtələrdən qaynaqlanır”

Bu gün Azərbaycan Respublikasının Prezidenti yanında Dövlət Qulluğu Məsələləri üzrə Komissiya dövlət qulluğu və kadr məsələləri sahəsində vahid dövlət siyasətinin formalaşdırılmasında iştirak edir və bu siyasəti həyata keçirir. Azərbaycan vətəndaşları Komissiyanın imtahanlarından keçdikdən sonra müraciət etdikləri dövlət orqanlarında işləmək imkanı əldə edirlər. Komissiya şəffaf şəkildə bu imkanları vətəndaşlarımız üçün yaradır. Təəssüf ki, bilik və dünyagörüşü səviyyəsinin aşağı olması səbəbindən müsahibədən keçə bilməyənlər və ya onların himayədar yaxınları qərəzli şəkildə Komissiyaya qarşı ittihamlar irəli sürürlər. Xəzərİnfo-nun məlumatına görə, “Cəmiyyətin və Vətəndaş Münasibətlərinin İnkişafı” İctimai Birliyinin sədri, Prezident yanında Dövlət Qulluğu Məsələləri üzrə Komissiyanın eksperti Əhməd Abbasbəyli belə qərəzli çıxış edənləri qınayıb. Onun sözlərinə belə insanlar ya Komissiyanın işindən xəbərdar deyillər, ya da qərəzli yanaşırlar: “Əlbəttə ki, hər hansı yarışmada məğlub olan tərəfin, istər imtahandan kəsilənin, istərsə də müsahibədən keçməyən narazı olması, şikayət etməsi başa düşüləndir, hətta bu prosesdə kimlərinsə ayrı-ayrılıqda hər hansı bir səhvə yol verməsi mümkündür, amma bütövlükdə bütün bu fəaliyyətə bu cür qeyri-obyektiv münasibət, ən azı ədalətsizlikdir və bu prosesdə təmanasız olaraq, fəaliyyət göstərən onlarla vicdanlı, peşəkar insanlara qarşı hörmətsizlikdir. Yəni bu, onların şəxsi maraqlarından doğan bir münasibət ola bilər. Mən məsələnin kənardan müşahidəçisi deyil, işin birbaşa içində olan ekspert kimi, həm də komissiyanın işinə ictimaiyyətin nümayəndəsi kimi, bir mütəxəssis kimi kənardan cəlb edilmiş, müstəqil bir ekspert kimi deyirəm ki, Komissiyada hər hansı bir neqativ halla qarşılaşmamışam. Bunu mən tam əminliklə deyirəm. Etiraf etmək lazımdır ki, ölkədə kifayət qədər problemli, nöqsanlı sahələr var. Lakin ölkə rəhbərliyi də dəflərlə deyib ki, Azərbaycanda dünyaya nümunə olacaq dövlət orqanları var. Buna ASAN xidmət, eləcə də Dövlət Qulluğu Məsələləri üzrə Komissiyasını misal gətirmək olar. Məni bir vətəndaş olaraq narahatam ki, niyə görə müsbət fəaliyyəti olan quruma belə qərəzli yanaşırlar”.

Əhməd Abbasbəyli bildirib ki, Dövlət Qulluğu Məsələləri üzrə Komissiyasının fəaliyyət göstərdiyi müddətdə minlərlə, savadlı, bacarıqlı gənc, heç xahiş, minnət, tapşırıq, rüşvət və s. olmadan dövlət qulluğuna qəbul olunub. Əminliklə deyirəm ki, proseslərdə iştirak etdiyim 3 il ərzində qatıldığım müsahibələrdə heç bir vətəndaşa qarşı qərəzli, qeyri-obyektiv münasibət olmayıb, dövlət qulluğuna qəbul prosesində gənclərin heç birinə qarşı komissiya tərəfindən qeyri-qanuni hərəkətlərə yol verilməyib. Komissiyanın həyata keçirdiyi müsahibələrdə hər kəs üçün birmənalı olaraq şəffaflıq təmin olunub, bütün müsahibələrdə videoçəkiliş təmin edilib, istənilən zaman kənar müşahidəçilərin iştirakı təmin edilib. Müsahibə komissiyası müxtəlif sahələri (1 nəfər Dövlət Qulluğu Məsələləri üzrə Komissiyasını, müvafiq dövlət orqanını təmsil edir, bir nəfər isə müstəqil ekspert elm, təhsil müəsissələrini, ictimai birlikləri təmsil edir) təmsil edən, bir–birini tanımayan 3 nəfərdən təşkil edilir ki, həmin tərkib yalnız müsahibə günündən əvvəlki gün axşam saat 18.00 radələrində məlum olur. Bundan əlavə, yuxarıda qeyd etdiyim kimi, istər QHT nümayəndələri, istər KİV nümayəndələri və s. imtahan prosesində müşahidəçi qismində iştirak edə bilər. Burada qeyri-obyektivlik, qərəzli münasibət mümkün deyil, ola bilməz. Təbii ki, imtahandan keçməyənlərdən narazı qalanlar da olur, onlar da appellyasiya şikayəti verə bilərlər”. Mənim praktikamda bir neçə belə hal olub ki, müsahibədən keçməyən namizəd appellyasiya şikayəti edib. Bu şikayətə xüsusi yaradılmış komissyada baxlıb. Şikayətə baxılanda videoçəkilişlər, bütün verilən suallar, onlaraı cavabları bu komissiya tərəfindən araşdırılır.

Onun sözlərinə görə, ola bilər bəzi şəxslər vəzifə səlahiyyətlərindən, imkanlarından, əlaqələrindən istifadə edərək, komissiyanın işinə təsir etməyə cəhd etsin, öz yaxınlarını, tanışlarını işə düzəltmək üçün xahiş etsinlər: “Amma mən ekspert olduğum dövrdə belə bir fakta rast gəlməmişəm ki, kiminsə xahişi ilə Dövlət Qulluğu Məsələləri üzrə Komissiyası həmin adamı işə götürsün. Birmənalı şəkildə demək olar ki, bu baxımdan obyektivlik qorunur. Bu gün hər bir dövlət orqanı öz vakant yerlərini Dövlət Qulluğu Məsələləri üzrə Komissiyaya təqdim edir. Komissiya bu yerlərlə bağlı elan verir. Hər hansı insan Komissiyanın test və müsahibə mərhələsinin keçəndən sonra həmin dövlət orqanı o insanı işə götürməyə borcludur. Hesab edirəm ki, müsbət mənada həyata keçirilən hər hansı bir işə qara yaxmaq düzgün deyil”.

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Uzbek citizens to be able to vote at presidential election in Baku

Uzbek citizens to be able to vote at presidential election in Baku

Embassy of Uzbekistan in Baku will organize a polling station for voting during the presidential election to be held on March 29, the embassy told Trend.

The polling station will be open from 06 a.m. to 8 p.m. Baku time (GMT/UTC + 04:00 hour) at the Embassy of Uzbekistan, which is located at the address: Baku, Badamdar settlement, the first highway, the ninth lane, 437.

In order ??to participate in the election, only personal presence and a valid passport of a citizen of Uzbekistan are required, according to the embassy. At present, the consular register at the embassy includes about 200 Uzbek citizens eligible to vote. All of them are invited to participate in the election.

In addition, the citizens who are in Azerbaijan on temporal terms (not present in consular register), such as tourists, those on a vacation and so on, will be able to vote in the election.

The presidential election in Uzbekistan will be held on March 29, 2015. The pre-election campaign started on December 26, 2014.

The presidential candidates are: incumbent President Islam Karimov from the Liberal Democratic Party, the member of the parliamentary faction, chairman of the committee for democratic institutions, NGOs and citizens’ self-government bodies, Akmal Saidov - from the National Democratic Party Milly Tiklanish; the chairman of the Central Council of the People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (PDPU) Hotamzhon Ketmonov - from the PDPU, the chairman of the executive committee of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) Adolat, Narimon Umarov - from SDP.

On February 17, Uzbek presidential candidates launched a pre-election campaign.

Currently, some 9,058 precinct election commissions, including 44 ones abroad were established in order to hold election.

More than 340 representatives of local and foreign media will be covering the election in Uzbekistan.

The previous presidential election in Uzbekistan was held in 2007. (today.az)

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Georgian soldiers join new mission in Afghanistan

Georgian soldiers join new mission in Afghanistan

The latest squad of Georgian soldiers has arrived in Afghanistan to join the international peacekeeping mission alongside the soldiers from all around the globe.

The 31st Infantry Battalion of the 3rd Infantry Brigade of the Georgian Armed Forces will represent the country in the large-scale mission.

These soldiers are the latest Georgian peacekeepers to take part in the NATO-led Resolute Support mission as part of the United States military contingent.

Resolute Support is a follow-on mission from the International Assistance Security Force mission, in which Georgian troops together with international armies resisted Afghan terrorist groups, trained Afghan National Security Forces and assisted Afghans to rebuild government institutions.

The Georgian servicemen will embark on a six-month mission to protect the headquarters of the Resolute Support mission located in the Afghan capital city Kabul.

Following the official ceremony of the mission handover, the 31st Infantry Battalion will replace a United States Army unit by means of rotation in near future.

The Georgian parliament sanctioned the decision to participate in the Resolute Support Mission on December 26, 2014.  (today.az)

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Ukraine receives largest humanitarian aid from Georgia

Ukraine receives largest humanitarian aid from Georgia

Georgia has provided the largest funding of $316,000 for Ukraine to meet the medication of the most vulnerable people suffering from the ongoing skirmishes in Eastern Ukraine over the last two months, said Georgian-cum Alexander Kvitashvili, Ukraine's newly appointed Healthcare Minister, who hold the same office in Georgia for two years.

Kvitashvili said the main financial aid for medication came from the World Health Organization (WHO), the Georgian government, the UN Office in Ukraine and the local businesses.

Ukraine has received more than $2.5 million in humanitarian aid since July 2014. Continuing fighting in Ukraine is taking more civilian lives and leading to further forced displacement of the population.

Kvitashvili noted that Georgia’s humanitarian aid consisted of medications for treating diabetes, vaccines for children and essential first aid equipment.

Georgia has offered Ukraine a significant humanitarian support, valued at more than $540,000 this September.  (today.az)

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Germany expresses support for Georgia's integrity

Germany expresses support for Georgia's integrity

German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier held talks with Georgian President Giorgi Margvelashvili on December 8 as part of his two-day visit to Georgia.

The key topics on agenda were the so-called treaty between Russia and the breakaway Abkhazia region.

"Relations between Germany and Georgia have never been so good so far. I told the president that we will never recognize the so-called treaty. We also discussed the situation in Ukraine. We need a political solution to the Ukrainian crisis," Steinmeier said.

Margvelashvili, in turn, said the partnership between Georgia and Germany was deepening, as it was very important for Georgia on its way to Europe.

"Germany is doing a great and significant work for Georgia, helping us in our integration efforts. Security is much more important this year given the difficulties in Ukraine, as well as Abkhazia and South Ossetia. We hope that 2015 will be the year of peaceful solutions to these problems with the participation of the international community," Margvelashvili added.

During his visit, Steinmeier also sat for talks with Georgia's Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili.

Steinmeier welcomed Georgia’s progress in completing the first phase of the Visa Liberalization Action Plan with the EU and transition to the second phase.

"Very little time is left until Georgia and European Union reach a visa-free travel and I believe that it will encourage the development of the Georgia's economy,” Steinmeier said.

Steinmeier reiterated Germany's strong support for Georgia’s European integration and commitment to deepening political and economic cooperation between the two countries. He added that Germany does not recognize the so-called "Alliance and Strategic Partnership" treaty between breakaway region Abkhazia and Russia.

Garibashvili, in turn, stressed Germany's important role in the economic development of Georgia.

"Germany’s commitment to Georgia’s territorial integrity is of great importance for us, especially amid the possible signing of a similar document between Russia and Georgia’s other breakaway region Tskhinvali (South Ossetia).

The two diplomats also discussed the roadmap of Georgia’s EU Association Agreement and mechanisms for effective implementation of the NATO-offered Substantial Packages.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel's visit to Georgia was also discussed. Merkel is said to visit Georgia in spring 2015. (today.az)

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Embattled UK Labour leader promises not to 'shrink from the fight'

Embattled UK Labour leader promises not to 'shrink from the fight'

(Reuters) - British opposition leader Ed Miliband vowed on Thursday not to "shrink from the fight", in a make-or-break speech after a week of media reports that his Labour Party could ditch him just six months before a general election.

 

Under pressure after some of his own lawmakers criticized his leadership and polls showed few Britons think he has the stature of a prime minister, Miliband focused on inequality in a country where wages have failed to keep pace with inflation.

"No vested interest, whoever they are and however powerful they are, from banks to energy companies, should ever be able to hold our country back," Miliband told an audience in London, mostly comprised of enthusiastic supporters.

"I am willing to put up with whatever is thrown at me, in order to fight for you," he said. "That's my duty, that's my responsibility ... Not to shrink from the fight."

Britain needed to ditch its "zero-zero" economy, he said, complaining that some of the poorest were stuck on "zero hours contracts" - jobs with no guarantee of a minimum amount of work - while some of the richest paid zero tax.

His performance appeared more assured than some recent outings, including a much-criticized party conference speech in September in which he forgot to deliver an entire section on the economy.

Opinion polls show some of left-leaning Labour's policies, such as a pledge to freeze household energy prices, have proved popular. But with Miliband's personal popularity at an all-time low, polls also suggest Labour's chances of victory would be improved if he stepped aside for someone else.

On Wednesday, an Ipsos-MORI survey which gave Prime Minister David Cameron's Conservatives their largest poll lead over Labour in four years found just 13 percent thought Miliband would make a plausible prime minister.

Miliband was last week forced to dismiss as "nonsense" reports of a party leadership coup. Newspapers quoted anonymous Labour lawmakers saying they want him replaced.

His Labour Party played the biggest role in defeating a referendum on independence for Scotland two months ago, but since then polls show it on course to lose nearly all its Scottish seats in the British parliament to a surging pro-independence Scottish National Party (SNP).

 

CAMERON ALSO IN TROUBLE

Miliband is not the only party leader in trouble however, in a political environment of voter unease that makes the May election difficult to predict. Cameron's Conservatives, trusted far more by voters on the economy, should be in a position to capitalize on a strong economic recovery but has instead become embroiled in internal disputes over Europe.

Panicked by the rise in popularity of the anti-EU UK Independence Party (UKIP), Cameron has tacked to the right to try to appease his own Eurosceptic lawmakers, who want him to say Britain will leave the EU unless it wins back more powers from Brussels.

UKIP, which Cameron once derided as a party of "closet racists", has been making inroads at the Conservatives' expense.

Campaigning for Britain to leave the EU and immigration to be curbed, UKIP won European elections in Britain in May and its first seat in the British parliament in October when a Conservative lawmaker defected and stood for UKIP in a special election. Next week, it could win its second seat in similar circumstances.

With at least

 one poll showing the combined share of the two main parties has fallen to less than 60 percent for the first time since 2010, the outlook for next year's vote is more uncertain than any British election in modern times.   (reuters)

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Georgia gains $750M from tourism in six months

Georgia gains $750M from tourism in six months

Over the first six months of 2014, Georgia’s income from international tourism stood at $750 million or 43 percent more than in the same period of 2013.

On Nov. 7, the Economy Ministry of Georgia said that in Q1, the share of tourism in GDP was 5.89 percent, and 7.2 percent in Q2.

It should be borne in mind that the greatest flow of tourists to Georgia is seen in Q3 when the tourism season peaks in the period between July and August, and beginning of September.

A large number of tourists also come to Georgia closer to the New Year holidays, especially to the mountain resorts.

In 2013, Georgia’s international tourism revenues totaled $1.719 billion.

Georgia was visited in 2013 by 5,392,303 people, or 20 percent more than in the previous year (4,428,221).

In the first nine months of this year, Georgia was visited by 4,187,595 people. (today.az)

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Armenian air carrier suspends flights

Armenian air carrier suspends flights

Armenia's national air carrier Air Armenia has suspended its flights after months of financial difficulties, promising to resume its work in winter.

The company faced problems after sending its two aircrafts for technical maintenance service to the Netherlands. So it had to offer services with only one aircraft.

There were also other problems resulted from the works by certain ticket sale agents who kept the proceeds as a guarantee for refunding the tickets.

The proceeds in Armenia dropped to a critical minimum and now it is impossible to carry out passenger transportation. The airline's administration has decided to restructure the organization's financial policy through strict measures and reform the flight schedule by December 20.

Air Armenia's Head Arsen Avetisyan earlier said Russian Rosaeronavigation Company's statement published on September 11 threatened to restrict the air carrier's flights to Russian cities from September 21 and it had subsequently caused great damage to the Armenian company.

"The statement sparked great panic among passengers, creditors and debtors. Many passengers began to return their purchased tickets. A large number of customers refused to use Armenian air carrier's services. Meanwhile, sales fell by 60 percent," the company said.

It added that at the same time all creditors began to demand the debts to be paid, refusing to apply the schedule agreed earlier.

Air Armenia has around $405,000 overdue debt to Rosaeronavigation. It currently owes the Russian company about $700,000.

Poor performance, inaccurate flights and lack of necessary clientile are the major factors paralyzing the airline's operation.

Air Armenia has recently delayed flights from Yerevan to Russian Krasnodar city for three times in a row and caused problems for the passengers who had reserved earlier the flight. The company failed to compensate passengers for the delay and ensuing costs saying it didn't have enough cash to indemnify.

Armenia's national air carrier was forced to cancel four flights to Saint Petersburg and two flights to Moscow and Athens earlier on October 6. The massive cancellations came after financial problems with a Dubai-based company. Air Armenia miscarried to pay about $5 million for two airplanes it had purchased from the Arabian aircraft supplier.

Air Armenia replaced the collapsed Armavia Company in 2013 as the latter filed bankruptcy after the years of financial hassle.

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